The fort that gives the district its name was built in 1396. Its existence is due to Bayezid I’s Istanbul Siege. Bayezid I laid siege to Istanbul four times, in 1391, 1395, 1396 and 1400. The Turkish settlement that began with the construction of a mosque and a bath outside the fort expanded in time. The travel book of Petrus Gyllius who was in Istanbul in 1544 states that a Byzantine settlement called Napli still existed in the region. Evliya Çelebi says that “the neighborhood has 1080 households, there are no non-Muslims. There are some masjids, 7 schools, 20 shops and palaces, a castle where two hundred cavalry lives, a cebehane, soldier rooms and a bath.”
The existence of the Göksu and Küçüksu promenades affected the social life in Anadoluhisarı of the time, and the vitality of the promenades, musical programs and entertainment gave the district a second identity. Today, the well preserved seaside mansions, its open-air masjid, its mosque, the Mahmud II target range, its cemetery that contains the remains of the oldest Turkish settlement in Istanbul, its restaurants with magnificient views of the Bosphorus on Otağtepe make visiting Anadoluhisarı worthwhile at any time.